Free cash flow
Cash flow from operating activities amounted to €63.8 million in 2016 (2015: €103.3 million). This year-on-year fall of €39.5 million was mainly due to the change in working capital. Whereas there had been a marked decrease in working capital in 2015, the level of working capital rose significantly in the reporting period. This change was primarily due to the reporting date-related increase in trade receivables and the simultaneous reduction in trade payables caused by a drop in orders of raw materials and consumables at the end of the reporting year.
Cash outflow from investing activities came to €55.4 million in 2016. This represented a year-on-year decrease of €9.0 million that was caused, in particular, by lower cash payments in connection with development activities (2015: €64.4 million).
Financing activities in 2016 resulted in a net cash outflow of €26.8 million (2015: €29.8 million). As in the previous year, cash flow used for financing activities included a dividend payment to shareholders of €8.5 million.
DEUTZ Group: Change in cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents as at 31 December 2016 had fallen by €20.7 million to €91.8 million (31 December 2015: €112.5 million). Of this decrease, €2.5 million was attributable to the deconsolidation of DEUTZ Engine (Shandong) Co., Ltd. in Linyi, China. The net financial position 1) as at 31 December 2016 was €31.6 million, a decrease compared with the same date a year earlier of €7.4 million (31 December 2015: €39.0 million).
Free cash flow 2) decreased year on year, falling by €30.3 million to €4.7 million (2015: €35.0 million). This was due, above all, to the significant reduction in cash flow from operating activities. Consequently, we did not meet our forecast made at the start of 2016 that free cash flow would be in the low to mid-double-digit million euro range. This was primarily because of the aforementioned change in working capital.
1) Net financial position: cash and cash equivalents less current and non-current interest-bearing financial debt.
2) Free cash flow: cash flow from operating and investing activities less interest expense.