Financial position

Overview of DEUTZ AG’s financial position    
  2016 2015
€ million    
Cash flow from operating activities 50.7 88.7
Cash flow from investing activities –44.5 –41.0
Cash flow from financing activities –23.1 –23.9
Change in cash and cash equivalents –16.9 23.8
Free cash flow 6.0 46.7
Cash and cash equivalents at 31 Dec 80.8 97.7
 
Free cash flow: cash flow from operating and investing activities less net interest expense.

Financial management in the DEUTZ Group is one of the core functions of the Group, and DEUTZ AG holds responsibility for this function. The basic principles and objectives of financial management at DEUTZ AG are therefore largely the same as those of the Group, as is the funding of DEUTZ AG. In this regard, please refer to the relevant section `Financial position´ of this combined management report.

Liquidity

Cash flow from operating activities amounted to €50.7 million last year (2015: €88.7 million). The sharp year-on-year fall of €38.0 million was mainly due to the higher volume of current receivables from affiliated companies and the change in working capital. Whereas there had been a marked decrease in working capital in 2015, the level of working capital fell only slightly in the reporting period. Another significant reason for the fall was the rise in income tax payments.

The cash flow from investing activities in 2016 was minus €44.5 million (2015: minus €41.0 million). This change was primarily due to lower cash receipts in connection with disposals of investments. In 2015, following the winding-up of DEUTZ Engine (China) Co., Ltd., headquartered in Linyi, China, an amount of approximately €5.0 million had been withdrawn from the additional paid-in capital of the holding company, DEUTZ Engine China GmbH, and repaid to DEUTZ AG.

Cash flow used for financing activities in 2016 totalled €23.1 million (2015: €23.9 million). This decrease was primarily due to lower interest expense. As in the previous year, cash flow used for financing activities included a dividend payment to shareholders of €8.5 million.

Free cash flow decreased year on year, falling by €40.7 million to €6.0 million (2015: €46.7 million). This was due, above all, to the significant reduction in cash flow from operating activities.

Capital expenditure

After deducting investment grants, DEUTZ AG’s capital expenditure in 2016 amounted to a total of €52.1 million (2015: €52.9 million). As in 2015, spending primarily related to property, plant and equipment, with €41.2 million being spent on these assets after deducting grants (2015: €42.2 million). The investing activities relating to property, plant and equipment focused on the construction of the shaft centre in Cologne-Porz, where production was progressively ramped up from mid-2016 onward. There were also additions in connection with replacement investments in machinery and tools. Capital expenditure on development projects totalled €7.5 million (2015: €6.1 million) and mainly related to the development of the new TCD 2.2 and TCD 5.0 engine series.